District Anuppur is situated in the south-eastern part of Madhya Pradesh. On 15th August, 2003, Anuppur district has been formed from the district of Shahdol. Total area of newly formed Anuppur district is 3746.71 sq. Km. It is 1.2 percent of the state. In the east of the district, Chhattisgarh is in the state of Korea, Dindori in the south and Bilaspur in Chhattisgarh state and Shahdol district in the north and west. This district is located between 23.10 north latitude 35.36 north latitude and 41.40 to 82.10 east longitude.
Geographically, this district is envisaged by mountain ranges and rivers. Which can be divided into three parts. 1. Part of mountain ranges 2. Intermediate plateau part 3. Part of rivers. Amarkantak is the district of Purna Salil Narmada and Son in the district. Juhila Kewai and Tipan major rivers and additionally many tributaries have made the district green. The ranges of the Meccalle mountain ranges from south to east in the district.
From August 15, 2003, Anuppur district came into being. This district 04 revenue division is divided into 4 tehsils, 4 district panchayats, and 282 gram panchayats. There are 4 municipalities and 2 municipalities in the district. 20.40 percent of the total area of the district is well-heeled.
Climate and rain-
The climate of the district is temperate. The rainy season is from June to October. June is the hottest month and temperature in January remains the lowest temperature. Maximum temperature of the district is 46 degrees C. And minimum temperature is 2.6 degrees Celsius. Reaches to Average annual rainfall in the year 2012-13 is 1264.00 mm. Rainfall in year 2013-14 is 1186.80 mm. And in the year 2014-2015 1017.62 mm In 2015-16, 705.9 in 2016-17, 1306.50 mm It is raining.
As per the 1991 census of newly formed district of Anuppur district, the total population of the district was 550865. There was 40813 scheduled castes and 267694 Scheduled Tribes population. In this way this district is district tribal chief. According to the census of 2001, the total population of the district increased to 667155. There were 340204 males and 326951 females. According to the 2011 census, the total population of the district is 749237. There are 379114 males and 370123 females. Of the total population, the total population of Scheduled Castes population is 74385 and the Scheduled Tribes are 358543. The population growth rate of population of the district was 21.22 in 2001. The population growth rate in Census 2011 has decreased from 21.22 to 12.30. The population growth rate decreased in 2011 compared to the previous years. The population density of the district is 200 per sq. Km. is.
Females and females per thousand men are less in number. In the district, gender equality has always been unfavorable for women as other districts of the state. In the 1991 census, the male and female ratio increased from 912 to 920. Similarly, in the 2011 census, the male and female ratio increased from 920 to 961. Now the census has increased from 961 in 2011 to men and women ratio 976.
In the district of education, the census is the growth rate of literacy rate of the period from 1951 to 2001. The increase in rate has increased from 2001 to 2011. According to the census 2011, the literacy rate of the district is 67.90. In which men are 78.30 and females are 57.30 percent literate. In 1991, the literacy rate of the district was 35.45 percent. In 2001 the literacy rate of the district was 60.22. Education in the district has expanded a lot of education through education schemes and different schemes of governance. Nearly 97 percent of the villages have primary school facilities.
In newly formed district, Anuppur currently operates 1161 primary schools, 392 secondary schools, 65 high schools, 55 Higher secundary, 01 universities, 05 colleges, 04 vocational education centers and 04 industrial training centers and 01 polytechnic colleges.
Paddy, Kodo, Kutki, Maize are the main crops of the district. Now wheat is harvested. Urad, tur, lentil and gram are major in pulses. In oilseeds, sesame seeds, ramitila and peanuts are there. Along with the pace of development, sunflower and soybean are now being cultivated. Paddy cultivation is done more than wheat in the district.
Due to the geographical location of this district, only very small expansion of irrigation facilities has been done. Only 2.26 percent of the crop sown in the district has been irrigated so far. The irrigation facilities in the district are in the form of canals, ponds, and small irrigation wells.
20.40 percent of the district is well-rounded with forests. The main tree year, Amla, Teak, Sarai, Acacia, Sisam, etc. are
99 small scale industries have been set up in the district in the year 2008-09 under the program of District Industry Center, Khadi Village Industries and Rural Development. Small small scale industries such as polythene, bamboo, basket construction etc. have been established. In the year 2012-13, 201 and 2013-14, 201 and 2014-2015, 87 small industries have been created in 202 and 2015-16, 697, 2016-17.
There are 569 electrified villages in District Anuppur. Amarkantak, a power plant in the district’s discussion, is set up for power generation. Out of the total villages in the district 99.64 percent of the village has been electrified. Action to electrify the remaining villages is being done. In the district so far, the generating of 3101 pumpsets and 30486 one candle connection has also been provided.
Road traffic in the district is more in terms of traffic. In which about first class 1658 kms, second class 854.24 kms. And third category 278.23 km The length of the roads is In the length of the roads, the length of the roads of Shahdol district, which is situated in the well, is also included. Railway traffic facility is also available in the district. The districts of Amla, Anuppur, Jaitihari, Vyctnagar, Kotma, Bijuri are main railway stations.
In order to provide other types of facilities other than agricultural work, the branches of professional nationalized banks are in the district. 1. The branches of State Bank of India – 11, 2. Central Bank of India – 12, 3. Allahabad Bank – 02, 4. Bank of India – 01, 5. Canara Bank – 01, 6. Union Bank of India – 01, 7. Punjab National Bank – 01, 8. Bank of Baroda-01, 9. Regional Rural Bank-13, 10. District Central Co-operative Bank- 05, 11. District Co-operative and Agricultural Grameen Bank -01, are operated. Cooperation is provided in the district by providing financial assistance to the farmers and unemployed through these banks and providing self-employment to them.
In view of medical facilities, allopathic clinics and dispensary 19, primary health center 16, sub-health center 175, Ayurvedic-homeopathic dispensary 12 are installed in the district.
There are 15 veterinary clinics, 24 veterinary dispensaries established in the district. In the year 2015-16, the treatment of 129062 animals and the conception of 28046 animals has been done. There are 9 Reserve Centers, 2 Reservoir Divisions working in the district. 99 percent hand pump facility has been provided to provide safe drinking water in the village. 312 fair price shops are operated through cooperative and food institutions to provide the public with adequate facilities at the fair, where distribution of rice, wheat, sugar, kerosene is being provided. Anuppur, Kotma, Amarkantak, Bijuri, Zaitri and Pasan are the major cities in the district.
Amarkantak has the origins of Narmada Son and Juhera rivers. Where are the sights of Narmada temple, Sonmunda, Kapiladhara, milkshala and mai.